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Alfred and Annie Waller letters

Identifier: MSS 0595

Scope and Content Note

The Alfred and Annie Waller letters consists of approximately fifty letters spanning the period between 1899 and 1902. The letters housed in this small collection discuss the separation and divorce of Alfred and Annie ("Nancy") Waller of Watertown, New York.

The letters are arranged by recipient and housed in three folders, including the following: F1 Letters to Annie ("Nancy") Waller, F2 Letters to Alfred Waller, and F3 Letters to ("Governor") Allen Beach from Alfred Waller. The letters illustrate several different perspectives on this turn-of-the-century marriage crisis and provide insight into the emotional, social, legal, and financial aspects of the Waller's separation.

Alfred Waller’s letters to his wife are typically full of heartbreak, atonement, and pleas for reconciliation, as well as frequent discussions of his financial difficulties in providing an allowance to his estranged wife. Illustratively, Alfred Waller’s letters to his wife were addressed to the familiar "Nancy" prior to November 9, 1899, when he accepted her terms for separation; thereafter, he refers to her by the name "Annie."

Additional letters from the Waller's family and friends reflect the social difficulties of divorce at the turn-of-the-century. Many letters, including one from Annie Waller's mother, advise the couple to reconsider their separation in order to avoid publicity and harm to the reputations of all involved.

Letters written to Allen Beach, the couple's legal intermediary and a resident of Watertown and Sackets Harbor, New York, document the couple's path to separation. The separation appears to have begun following the "Piercefield scandals," in which Alfred Waller's jealousy toward his wife purportedly resulted in "personal violence" toward her. In addition to Annie Waller's complaints of personal violence, Alfred Waller submitted a letter to Beach on April 1, 1900, in which he claims to have committed an act of adultery with a woman in Philadelphia. However, in his personal correspondence with Beach, Alfred Waller maintains that he has had no adulterous relationships with women, and that he only wrote the letter suggesting the contrary in order to provide the necessary "evidence" for the divorce as per his wife's wishes and Beach's recommendations. In later letters to Beach, Alfred Waller condemns his letter admitting adultery and flatly denies its truth. Alfred Waller also scorns Beach for advising him to falsely admit to such acts.

From the fragmentary and often one-sided evidence presented in the collection it is difficult to discern the facts leading up to the Waller's separation and the eventual outcome of their estrangement. Nevertheless, this small collection offers the researcher a glimpse into the difficult process of separation and divorce at the turn of the twentieth century. These letters may be useful to researchers interested in women’s history, social history, family studies, as well as the legal and financial aspects of divorce during this time.


  • Creation: 1899-1902


Language of Materials

Materials entirely in English.

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce isrequired from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library,

Biographical Note

Alfred R. Waller was born in September 1865, to Alfred and Laura Waller. Waller grew up in Watertown, New York, with his future wife Annie, whom he married in about 1888. After approximately eleven years of marriage, in November 1899, Annie Waller pursued separation and, later, divorce from her husband. Alfred and Annie Waller had two daughters, Nadine and Louise, who remained in their mother’s custody.

Alfred Waller was employed by the International Paper Company, which was incorporated in Albany in 1898 as a merger of seventeen pulp and paper mills located throughout New York. With offices in Philadelphia and Baltimore, Alfred Waller was required to travel frequently throughout the mid-Atlantic states for his sales job with International Paper. Alfred Waller often wrote letters to his wife and legal counselors from paper mills and offices in Piercefield, White Plains, and Manhattan, New York; Baltimore, Maryland; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Alfred Waller’s brother, Tom T. Waller, headed the sales department of the New York division of the International Paper Company.

Letters in this collection indicate that Mr. and Mrs. Waller lived together in Piercefield, New York, for a time, but that their primary residence was in Watertown, New York. In addition, the Waller's had a seasonal residence in Sackets Harbor, New York.

Information derived from the collection.


0.1 linear foot (50 items)


The Alfred and Annie Waller letters consists of approximately fifty letters spanning the period between 1899 and 1902. The letters housed in this small collection discuss the separation and divorce of Alfred and Annie ("Nancy") Waller of Watertown, New York.


Gift of the Moyerman family, ca. 1970-1972.

Shelving Summary

  1. Box 1: Shelved in SPEC MSS manuscript boxes (1 inch)


Processed by Emily Holloway, March 2006. Revised and encoded by Lora J. Davis, May 2009.

Finding aid for Alfred and Annie Waller letters
University of Delaware Library, Special Collections
2009 May 12
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the University of Delaware Library Special Collections Repository

181 South College Avenue
Newark DE 19717-5267 USA